Volume 4 (2015)

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 15
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    The Niphal of the Hebrew Verb נחם and Its Reception in Early Jewish Sources
    (2015) Staalduine-Sulman, Eveline van
    In one Biblical chapter, I Sam. 15, two contradictory things are said concerning God: He repents that He made Saul king over Israel (vv. II and 35) and He is no human being that He repents (v. 29). This contradiction is in itself worth investigating, but the thought that the Almighty God could feel remorse or have a change of mind is intriguing too. Can we state that God – with features such as omniscience, omnipotence, and immutability – can repent? Because this is a dogmatic question, we will not be able to answer it. But this article will provide elements for the discussion of such questions in systematic theology.
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    The Image of Jacob on the Throne of God and the Construction of Liturgical Space in Late Antiquity
    (2015) Sivertsev, Alexei M.
    The motif of Jacob’s face engraved on the Throne of Glory has been an object of continued scholarly attention for the past several decades and has been studied in a variety of literary contexts, from Second Temple and early Christian to medieval. More recently, two excellent contributions by Rachel Neis and Ra’anan Boustan have done a lot to situate this motif specifically within its eastern Roman context by mapping out the motif’s place within the broader Byzantine discourse on images and relics. In this article, I expand on Neis’s and Boustan’s work by analyzing the place of Jacob’s image within the semiotics of late Roman and early Byzantine liturgical performance.
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    Jewish Population Losses in the Course of the Khmelnytsky Uprising
    (2015) Stampfer, Shaul
    In 2003, I published a study on the population losses of the Jewish population of Ukrainian lands during the Khmelnytsky Uprising. Since that time, many additional sources relevant to the topic have been brought to my attention. To the best of my knowledge, none contradict my thesis and many strengthen my claims. I hope to systematically reexamine these sources in the future and to incorporate them into my thesis. In addition, a number of researchers have dealt with some of the issues I raised and some of their points should be discussed and responded to. In this essay, I would like to reformulate more clearly what I claimed in my original article while relying on the many sources that I used at that time. I also want to address some of the responses to my thesis...
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    A Jewish Painter between Reform, Judaism, and Zionism: Wachtel’s Portrait of Abraham Kohn
    (2015) Simferovska, Anastasiia
    Abraham Kohn, the first Reform (Progressive) rabbi of Lemberg/Lviv, died at the age of forty-one in 1848 under unclear circumstances. His death triggered long-lasting speculations among various members of the Lemberg Jewish community. Was his death a murder and, if it was, than who was guilty? Discussions of that question have lasted until present day. Historians have advanced different answers trying to understand the realities of the Galician Jewish community in the 19th century and the religious life of Lemberg, the center of the eastern province of the Habsburg Austrian Empire, in which Abraham Kohn appeared so vibrantly and disappeared so suddenly...
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    Соціальна інтеграція галицьких євреїв у другій половині ХІХ - на початку ХХ століття: вихід із гетто та розселення в міському просторі
    (2015) Вовчко, Марія
    У звичайних галицьких євреїв, народжених у першій половині ХІХ ст., практично не виникало необхідності вирішувати важливі справи поза межами єврейської громади: усе потрібне для життя вони могли отримати там. Народження фіксували у єврейських метричних книгах, освіту здобували здебільшого в хедерах, а від служби у війську євреїв звільняли завдяки раннім шлюбам і народженню дітей. Щоб утримувати сім’ю, вони працювали ремісниками чи дрібними торговцями, де їхніми замовниками чи клієнтами також були євреї.Незабаром ситуація змінилася, і вже в другій половині століття євреї щораз частіше мали потребу виходити за межі власної громади та співпрацювати з людьми, що до неї не належали. До цього підштовхували передусім матеріальні труднощі: через модернізацію й демографічні зміни багато родин втрачало джерела прибутку, змінювалися структура зайнятості та природа економічної активності євреїв.