Супервізія та інтервізія у роботі педагога

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Іванюк, Ірина
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У статті проведено порівняльний аналіз досліджень щодо підходів до реалізації супервізії та інтервізіїї у професійній діяльності вчителів у зарубіжних країнах та в Україні; розкрито поняття супервізії та інтервізії у роботі педагогів у загальноосвітньому навчальному закладі; надано рекомендації щодо проведення інтервізій у педагогічних колективах.
The article describes a comparative analysis of research on the approaches and peculiarities of the implementation of supervision and intervision in the professional activity of teachers abroad and in Ukraine. The concept of supervision and intervision in the work of teachers in the secondary school is revealed. The use of supervision and interference in the professional activity of teachers makes it possible to effectively prevent their emotional and professional burnout. It is noted that in Ukraine, for the first time, a program of psychosocial support, which includes regular supervision for teachers and school psychologists, was developed and implemented by specialists of the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy with the support of UNICEF in the eastern regions of the country where the military conflict has been taking place. However, among the teachers around the country, this practice is not used because there is no system for the preparation of supervisors; most teachers are not familiar with this concept at all. Intervision in schools abroad is quite developed, it is carried out systematically, it is aimed at creating a special and safe space for professional support, exchange of experience, and information, and it prevents emotional and professional degradation. In Ukrainian schools, the intervision between colleagues is partial. Therefore, this form of work needs support and development from the school administration. Examples of the plan of work during intervision among the teachers on the basis of foreign experience are given and recommendations on conducting intervision in pedagogical collectives are ofered.
супервізія, інтервізія, емоційне вигорання, професійне вигорання, вчитель, педагогічна діяльність, стаття, supervision, intervision, emotional burnout, professional burnout, teacher, pedagogical activity
Іванюк І. В. Супервізія та інтервізія у роботі педагога / Іванюк І. В. // Психологія та психосоціальні інтервенції : науковий журнал. - 2018. - Т. 1. - С. 36-40.