Лінгвістичний статус займенниково-співвідносних речень : традиція та новаторство
Статтю присвячено аналізу еволюції синтаксичних підходів до визначення та класифікації займенниково-співвідносних речень у системі української мови. Визначено ключові погляди, що стали підґрунтям сучасних уявлень дослідників про займенниково-співвідносне речення.
Pronoun-correlative sentences became the subject of separate scientific studies in the second half of the 20th century, but even in earlier researches we can find various reflections on their specific structure. The linguistic status of pronoun-correlative sentences still needs clarification, because different linguists outline their definition and place in the classification system in a different way. The purpose of this article is to trace the evolution of views on pronoun-correlated sentence from the origins to modern interpretations. The first mentioning of the pronoun-correlative sentence can be found in the work of Nikolay Gretsch, written in 1827. At this stage of syntax, the classificational approach was not used, but Nikolay Gretsch was the first to confirm the presence of language constructions called pronoun-correlative sentences, and to insert them in the complex sentences. Ivan Davydov referred the sentence with the pronoun in the main clause to the subgroup of complex sentences with adverbial clause of manner. He drew attention to the presence of the support unit in the sentences with a pronominal word in the main clause. It was the first fixation of correlative asymmetric pairs in Slavic grammar. An important step in interpreting a pronoun-correlative sentence was “Ukrainian grammar” written by Stepan Smal-Stotsky in 1919. The authors describe a large number of examples of pronoun-correlative sentences within predicative, subject, object and adverbial sentences, noting special features of the use of connecting means. Vasyl Simovich considered pronoun-correlative sentences as types of adverbial clauses of place, time, comparison, manner, and result. The linguist emphasizes the presence of the main sentence words that correlate with communications. His work marked productive development of the formal grammatical approach in Ukrainian syntax in the first half of the 20th century. For the first time the term “pronoun-correlative sentence” was used by Mykhailo Pospielov. He also attempted to classify these sentences. The linguist marked out a pronoun-correlative type among complex sentences of the one-term structure. He noted the presence of prepositive and postpositive structures of this type according to the location of the subordinate clause. These thoughts were developed by such researchers as Ivan Cherednychenko and Leonid Maximov. A great progress in this field was made by Vira Beloshapkova, who studied pronoun-correlative sentences according to different aspects and marked out 3 types of them. An important contribution to the study was also made by Ivan Vykhovanets, Svitlana Lomakovych, and others. To sum it up, we should say that in spite of a large number of studies on pronoun-correlative sentences, researchers should continue the work in this field and draw attention to asymmetrical pronoun-correlative sentences.
складнопідрядні займенниково-співвідносні речення, симетричні речення, несиметричні речення, корелятивний блок, корелятивна пара, pronoun-correlated sentences, symmetrical sentences, unsymmetrical sentences, correlative block, correlative pair
Онатій Анастасія Віталіївна. Лінгвістичний статус займенниково-співвідносних речень : традиція та новаторство / Онатій А. В. // Наукові записки НаУКМА : Філологічні науки : (мовознавство). - 2016. - Т. 189. - С. 58-62.