Концепт єдності в мові радянського тоталітаризму

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Масенко, Лариса
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Концепт єдності в радянській «новомові» розглянуто в історичному розвитку - від втілення ідеї класової єдності пролетаріату у всесвітньому масштабі до ідеї побудови одностайного уніфікованого суспільства. Розглянуто лексичні засоби реалізації концепту в мові радянського тоталітаризму.
The concept of unity in the Soviet totalitarian language is considered in historical development – from the embodiment of the idea of the class unity of proletariat on a global scale to the idea of constructing a unanimous unified society within the Soviet empire. Although the Bolsheviks’ hopes for world revolution did not come true, they did not abandon their claims to world domination. The thesis about the future merge of all nations on a global scale after the victory of communism remained in the program of the Communist Party during the whole period of its rule in the Soviet Union. The concept of unity in the totalitarian language embodied the fundamental idea of the Communist doctrine about the creation of the unanimous society. Unanimity was introduced in all spheres of public life. In the state ideology it was embodied in the teachings of Marxism-Leninism as “the only correct”. In the political sphere unanimity was established by the single-party system and the party control over all the public media. Linguistic and cultural unity was realized by spreading Russian language as the language of international communication and in fact the state language in the USSR. The Soviet system was introduced and was based on terror and deception. A system of fictions intended to substitute life’s realities was created in the depths of its powerful propaganda machine. The widespread in the Soviet ‘Newspeak’ concept of the unity of the Soviet people belonged also to the world of fictions. The paper considers lexical means of the realization of the concept in the language of Soviet totalitarianism. The concept of unity was embodied in the slogans, symbols, sets of canonical phrases. The most widely used was the slogan “The people and the Party are united.” Like all other Soviet slogans, it served a manipulative function to hide the truth, – namely, the real state of the absence of rights of the people, their absolute subordination to the ruling party. Communist empire collapsed also because of the unprecedented unification, contradicting to the universal cyber law of Requisite Variety by Shannon and Ross Ashby.
концепт «єдність», мова радянського тоталітаризму, лексика, «новомова», concept “unity”, language of Soviet totalitarianism, “newspeak”, lexic
Масенко Лариса Терентіївна. Концепт єдності в мові радянського тоталітаризму / Масенко Л. Т. // Наукові записки НаУКМА : Філологічні науки : (мовознавство). - 2016. - Т. 189. - С. 3-6.