Browsing Кафедра археології by Subject "amphora"
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ItemSpatial placement of archaeological monuments as a reflection of the dynamics of the historical development of the Black Sea steppe during the early Iron Age(Margulan Institute of Archaeology, 2022) Boltryk, Yuriy; Karjaka, OlexanderThe article presents the results of a search for ancient trade routes that were leading from the main terminals of the ancient civilization of the Northern Black Sea region to the settlements of the Forest-Steppe of Eastern Europe. This transittook place along land communications, which used the three main watersheds of the Northern Black Sea region. In the archaic period of the Scythian history, the trade vector Berezan’ – Olbia was dominant. It reached the upper reaches of the Sian River (the agglomeration around the hillfort of Khotynets’) on the west and the hillforts of the Tiasmyn basin (Subotovs’ke and Motronyns’ke) in the middle of Dnieper region. From the end of the 5th century BC the Bosporus becomes the key trading agent of the Scythians. The flow of its goods reached the centre of Scythia (Kapulivs’ke and Kam’ians’ke hillforts, the agglomeration around them) using for this the eastern edge of the Lower Dnieper watershed or the Arabat Spit is a sand spit-peninsula in the western part of the Sea of Azov. In the 4th century BC Chersonessos and its Chora, relaying the goods of Heraclea Pontica, began to compete with the Bosporus. During the reconstruction of the routes of ancient roads, people paid attention to watersheds and elite mounds that were located on them. The relationship between the Scythian burial mounds and ancient routes obliquely indicates that the nomads, as the rulers of the steppe, were guarantors of safe trade and had their deal of these mutually beneficial relations.