Browsing Кафедра політології by Author "Umland, Andreas"
Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
Results Per Page
ItemCommentary: should Washington have pressed Kyiv into a compromise with Moscow?(2022) Umland, AndreasThis article was submitted in late 2021, and became dated after Russia's demonstrative preparation as well as start of an open, large-scale invasion of Ukraineearly 2022. We nevertheless publish this commentary here in order to document the debate about the events leading to the escalation. No adaptations to the original 2021 article were made after the outbreak of high-intensity war on 24 February 2022. Avoiding a larger military escalation in the Russian–Ukrainian conflict is an important aim. Yet, historical experience suggests that concessions by Ukraine or its Western partners toward Russian revanchist aspirations in the Donbas may not help achieve it. On the contrary, Western softness, and Ukrainian weakness vis-à-vis the Kremlin will lead to further confrontation. ItemGeopolitical implications and challenges of the coronavirus crisis for Ukraine(2020) Klimkin, Pavlo; Umland, AndreasAmong various geopolitical repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic are redefinitions of the short-term priorities of many international organizations. Among others, the European Union (EU) and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) are becoming absorbed by new internal challenges, and are thus even less interested in further enlargement than before. Against this background, Kyiv, Tbilisi, and Chisinau, as well as their Western friends, need to seek new paths to increase the three countries’ security, resilience, and growth before their accession to the West’s major organizations. Above all, an alternative way to decrease Ukraine’s current institutional isolation is to develop more intense bilateral relations with friendly states across the globe, including Germany and the United States. In Eastern Europe, moreover, Ukraine, Georgia, and Moldova should attempt to create new multilateral networks with post-communist member countries of NATO as well as the EU, and try to become part of such structures as the Three Seas Initiative or Bucharest Nine group. ItemHistorical esotericism as a method of cognition. How russian pseudoscientists contributed to Moscow's anti-western turn(2023) Umland, AndreasA number of para-academic tendencies in Russian public science helped prepare for the war in Ukraine. In addition to the Kremlin's propaganda campaigns, the intellectual deformation of the Russian elite under the influence of Manichean ideas of theorists such as Lev Gumilev and Aleksander Dugin is partly responsible for the growing separation of Russia from Europe. Post-Soviet public discourse is infected with a multitude of speculative as well as often conspiracy theories and sometimes occult or racist ideas. Their proponents have displaced established social scientists and historians from intellectual and media debates. This parallel public discourse has evolved since the beginning of glasnost, 35 years ago, and was one of the factors that prepared Russia's attack on Ukraine in 2014.