Загальнотеоретичне правознавство в умовах сучасних глобалізаційних трансформацій

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Козюбра, Микола
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У статті окреслено коло проблем, які постають перед загальнотеоретичним правознавством в умовах системної кризи основаного на цінностях капіталізму індустріального типу глобалізації та формування її нової, постіндустріальної моделі, визначальною метою якої має стати людиноцентристська спрямованість. У зв’язку з цим значну увагу приділено необхідності світоглядно-методологічного переосмислення зв’язків права з економікою, політикою, державою, обґрунтуванню відмінної від них власної внутрішньої логіки розвитку права, його тенденцій в умовах сучасних глобалізаційних трансформацій, що своєю чергою не може не відбиватися на предметному полі загальнотеоретичного правознавства.
The article outlines the range of issues emerging within the sphere of general jurisprudence. The issues are outlined under the conditions of systemic crisis related to the globalization type based on the values of the industrial type capitalism and the formation of its new postindustrial model. The defining feature of this model should be the anthropocentric direction. Therefore, the main focus is placed on the necessity of ideological and methodological reframing of the ties of the law with economics, politics, state, which in post-Soviet jurisprudence still keep being interpreted within the scope of prior Marxist and positivist traditions and reorientation of the law on human, who is its main creator, carrier, and user. The author challenges the widely known thesis of K. Marx stating that the law is a reflection of the exact economic reality, and thus “may not be higher than the economic regime and the cultural development of the society which was influenced by it.” The article provides the position that economics may not be neutral to spiritual and cultural values with law being one of them, accompanied by the other values gathered throughout the longstanding history. These values are mostly concentrated in legal principles. Therefore, it is stipulated that the law has its own logic of development, distinct from the economics, politics, and state. This, in its turn requires rethinking of the links between the state and the law, refusal of the perception of the still popular post-Soviet approach of regarding them as the issues of a single essence, as well as the perception of the joint existence of state and law within a single theoretic discipline of the Theory of State and Law, and the need of the transformation of the subject within the scope of modern labor market demands. The article also raises the issues of the necessity of the move of the national general theory of law through the borders of the “theory of law of Ukraine” as well as the widening of the scope and substance of theoretical and legal research, transformation of their substance within the scope of the “general theory of law” subject name. This does not render the creation of a unified theory of law and does not decline the regionalization, localization, and individualization processes within the scope of great interdependence of different legal systems. The approach to socialization of states and the ties of this process with the elements of rule of law and legal state, the issue of the correlation of international law with national legal orders, transnational forms of law appearing under the influence of non-traditional globalization sources, etc., requires (in the author’s view) new existentionalist and methodological approaches based on the context reflected upon above.
глобалізація, постіндустріальна глобалізація, виклики, загальнотеоретичне правознавство, людиноцентрична спрямованість, право, економіка, держава, цінності, тенденції розвитку права, національна правова система, globalization, postindustrial globalization, challenges, juridprudence, anthropocentric direction, law, economics, state, values, tendencies of law development, national legal system, стаття
Козюбра М. І. Загальнотеоретичне правознавство в умовах сучасних глобалізаційних трансформацій / Козюбра М. І. // Наукові записки НаУКМА. Юридичні науки. - 2017. - Т. 193. - С. 3-11.