Образ світу та особистісні риси школярів із адиктивною поведінкою

Thumbnail Image
Бушай, Ігор
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Статтю присвячено аналізу психологічних особливостей становлення образу світу та особистісних проявів учнів із різними формами порушень поведінки. Визначено шляхи підвищення ефективності психологічного впливу на особистість, активізації резерву психіки в процесі консультування. Намічено напрями подальших розвідок проблематики психології залежних форм поведінки.
The article analyzes psychological peculiarities of the image of the world and personal manifestations of the character of students with different forms of behaviour disorders. The types of image of the world and the personal traits of the character are analyzed. The peculiarities of the worldview of schoolchildren with aggression, autoaggression, overpriced hobbies, and emotional disorders are revealed. The influence of the image of the world on defects of self-image and behaviour disturbance is established. The influence of the negative emotional background of the image of the world on the formation of dependent forms of behaviour is determined. It has been proven that the psychological correction of students with adaptation problems should include programs to stimulate a positive experience of the world, to restore internal equilibrium. The directions of further exploration of the problems of psychology of addictive behaviours are outlined. During puberty, significant behavioural abnormalities may occur in children. With timely psychological and pedagogical intervention, destructive manifestations are situational or episodic. If you do not resort to psychological correction, negative models of interaction between the teenager and the world strengthen, and the behaviour becomes irreversible. The results of the study of the image of the world and the personal traits of students with different behavioural abnormalities are presented in this article. For example, it has been found that adolescents’ use of profanity in communication with peers is caused solely by mechanisms of imitation and identification of the image of the world inherent in their family or social environment. In other words, there is a negative stimulation of the development of the image of the world of the child, the outward manifestation of aggressive behaviour. This, in turn, testifies to emotionalvolitional instability and accentuation of the character. Thus the teenager demonstrates his/her "adulthood". The article analyzes the causes of different types of addictive behaviour of young people: tobacco, gaming, computers and more. Psychological correction in such cases should be aimed at establishing a dynamic equilibrium of the system "Image of the world – image of "I’". That is, the child’s consciousness tries to adapt to the external conditions of being in a certain space, and this affects the behaviour. Under these conditions, responses may differ from generally accepted social norms. Stimulating self-development of the person, helping the teenager to form a realistic, content-rich worldview will positively affect the development of personal reflection and rethinking of one’s self-image.
залежність, свідоме, безсвідоме, поведінка, особистість, стаття, addiction, consciousness, unconsciousness, personality, behaviour
Бушай І. М. Образ світу та особистісні риси школярів із адиктивною поведінкою / Бушай І. М. // Психологія та психосоціальні інтервенції : науковий журнал. - 2019. - Т. 2. - С. 30-36.