Деякі проблеми діяльності Університетів третього віку в Україні

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Кабаченко, Надія
Смик, І.
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У статті розглянуто проблеми становлення та розвитку Університетів третього віку в Укра- їні, в яких навчаються люди похилого віку, зокрема особливості їх організаційної діяльності, струк- туру та методи навчання, досвід окремих університетів. Здійснено аналіз вітчизняних і міжнарод- них практик впровадження концепції «освіти впродовж життя» для людей похилого віку.
This article considers the problems of formation and development of the Third-age universities for elderly people in Ukraine. The paper presents the results of the qualitative research of the Third-age universities’ activities, in conducting which we used the method of document analysis, case study, semistructured interview, and participant observation. The analysis considered the information about the Thirdage universities provided on the web-pages of the Territorial centers, local administrations, and nongovernment organizations. The functioning of the Third-age University of the Shevchenkivskyi District’s Territorial Center In Kyiv was studied in detail, applying participant observation and interviewing the students of the university, the employees of the center, and the teachers. Apart from that, the article analyses the regulatory and legal framework of the Third-age universities, specifically, the procedure of receiving references for studying. The key role in producing these references belongs to doctors, since studying is viewed as one of the social services provided to the clients of the territorial centers and, accordingly, to receive such a service one needs a full packet of documents including health certificates, the main aim of which is to ensure the lack of resources and opportunities for selfservice. The last point is not very relevant for those willing to study; however, in practice, the stated demands create a number of obstacles for them, especially, if they have mental or physical problems. The article also examines special features of the organization of the Third-age universities, their structure and teaching methods, the experiences of particular universities, the difficulties in their operation, and the coping strategies. The authors come to the conclusion that the Third-age universities’ services are popular. Since the time of creating the base for their functioning, the number of such projects has constantly been increasing. Most of these universities function within the territorial centers for providing social services; however, the projects based in governmental and private universities and nongovernmental organizations have also been developing. Moreover, the Third-age universities themselves can be independent NGOs. Almost all the teachers in the Third-age universities are volunteers, who usually also happen to be elderly people. Unfortunately, they sometimes lack the necessary knowledge about the specifics of teaching elderly people and the necessary resources, for example, some didactic materials or special equipment for ensuring a successful learning process. The lack of teachers’ motivation and support is also an issue which often stands in a way of continuing teaching and improving it.
освіта впродовж життя, люди похилого віку, навчання, life-long learning, elderly people, teaching elderly people, Third-age universities
Кабаченко Надія Василівна. Деякі проблеми діяльності Університетів третього віку в Україні / Кабаченко Н. В., Смик І. О. // Наукові записки НаУКМА : Педагогічні, психологічні науки та соціальна робота. - 2016. - Т. 188. - С. 65-69.