The Principle of Good Neighbourliness and the European Neighbourhood Policy
Unprecedented geopolitical and security changes that culminated in deep political crisis in Ukraine in 2014 have brought new challenges to the EU’s external policy towards the East. It appeared that the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and the Eastern Partnership (EaP) failed to prevent escalating civil conflict in Ukraine and withdrawal of some of the EU eastern neighbours from the course of European integration. The ENP was born in 2004 with ambitious objective to avoid the emergence of new dividing lines between the enlarged EU and the EU’s neighbourhood and to strengthen the prosperity, stability and security beyond the EU borders in line with the principle of good neighbourliness. However these objectives look too far to be fully achieved today. In the meantime the EU’s neighbourhood is an area of active and hidden civil conflicts, intricate border disputes and escalating security threats. Does it mean that the principle of good neighbourliness failed to play its role? The first part of the chapter is devoted to study of the scope and content of the ENP and the EaP and role of the principle of good neighbourliness within these policies. The second part of the chapter analyses the impact of the principle of good neighbourliness on the ‘post-Crimea’ and ‘post-Donbass’ EU neighbourhood.
the ENP, privileged relationship, привілейовані відносини, political neighbours, політичні сусіди, EU, ЄС