Вплив пандемії COVID-2019 на досягнення цілей сталого розвитку

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Чала, Ніна
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Матеріали щорічної міжнародної науково-практичної конференції "Україна 2030: публічне управління для сталого розвитку" (Київ, 2020 р.).
Introduction: COVID-2019 was fix in 213 countries with a total of 1654247 cases. Governments have faced the challenge of prioritizing human rights, public health and economic development. Most countries have define the hard quarantine regime, border closed, restrictions on movement, closed of shops. Such actions by governments have had a significant impact on the restriction of citizens’ rights and freedoms, as well as the achievement of the SDG. Research: Most of the governments’ anti-crisis decisions concern the mobilization of financial resources, the provision of targeted loans and the payment of social compensation. At the same time, the impact of the pandemic on all, without exception, the sphere of socio-economic life of the countries is so strong that it is necessary to provide comprehensive support programs and completely change the models of socio-economic relations. The IMF and the World Bank have prioritized funding for the enhancement of health systems and health care delivery (Goal 3); and support for private companies (Goal 1, Goal 8). Other SDG remain unaddressed The crisis has forced governments to review their domestic food stocks and decide to ban the export of certain types of food (Goal 2). Due to the transfer of educational institutions to online, there were categories of children who lost access to education (Goal 4). Following the closure of educational institutions, working women became the most vulnerable category (Goal 5). At the same time, the pandemic stimulated the development of the information and communication sphere, which is confirmed by the Bloomberg Agency data, in particular, the growth of electronic sales sites, video conferences, social networks, food delivery, transportation (Goal 9). Conclusion: The COVID pandemic coincides with the end of the Kondratiev cycle and the Jugler business cycle. This means, the world is at the point of a phase transition to new technologies. None of the traditional decisions taken by the government’s anti-crisis programs will work, but will lead to increased debt, social tensions and inequality. In this situation, it is worth expecting the transformation of relations between the countries, both within the existing regional alliances and at the highest level. Successful decisions will focus on innovation and the transition to new technology.
COVID-2019, Цілі сталого розвитку, соціально-економічний розвиток, матеріали конференції, COVID-2019, Sustainable Development Goals, social and economic development
Чала Н. Д. Вплив пандемії COVID-2019 на досягнення цілей сталого розвитку / Чала Ніна // Україна 2030: публічне управління для сталого розвитку : матеріали щорічної міжнародної науково-практичної конференції (Київ, 2020 р.) : у 3 т. / за заг. ред. А. П. Савкова, М. М. Білинської, О. М. Петроє ; Національна академія державного управління при Президентові України. - Київ : [НАДУ], 2020. - Т. 3. - С. 226-228.