Volume 1 (2012)

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    Discourse Particles in Biblical Hebrew Directives
    (2012) Lyavdansky, Alexey
    Discourse particles in Biblical Hebrew are a relatively recent subject of study. It is yet to be determined, which linguistic expressions in Biblical Hebrew should be counted as discourse particles, or discourse markers. Moreover, the functions of already known discourse particles in Biblical Hebrew were not properly assessed. The present paper is focused on the functions of discourse particles in Biblical Hebrew directive utterances (requests, commands, suggestions, permissions). The study was carried out on the basis of the analysis of all directive utterances (directive turns in dialogue) within the biblical Book of Judges. Contrary to the previous studies of Biblical Hebrew discourse particles, the attention is drawn not only to the functioning of a certain particle (form-to-function approach), but the attempt is made to determine a slot, which may be filled with a particle or its synonym, or left unfilled (functionto-form approach). The functional slots for discourse particles are created by discourse structure of a turn in dialogue. Most of the directive utterances in dialogue are composed of the core discourse act(s), represented by imperative clause(s), and the supportive discourse act(s), usually represented by assertive clause(s). Discourse particles are put either before the core discourse act in the directive utterance, or before the supportive discourse act. The main part of the article is dedicated to the analysis of seven discourse particles used in Biblical Hebrew directive utterances: ki, ʔ aḥăre ʔ ăšär, (wǝ)ʕattå, nå, hinne, hălo, and raq. The result of the study shows, that some of these particles may be grouped together as synonyms, because they are used in the same positions: ki and ʔ aḥăre ʔ ăšär; (wǝ)ʕattå and nå; hinne and hălo. On the other hand, they are not absolute synonyms, which is exemplified by the contrastive analysis of ki and ʔ aḥăre ʔăšär. Since the particle raq is used rarely as a discourse marker, the examples in the Book of Judges are not sufficient to formulate even a preliminary conclusion. The status of nå as a discourse particle is not yet clear; the question needs further investigation. The results of this study are preliminary and will be tested in a future publication, based on a broader source material.
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    No Name Woman: Noah's Wife and Heterosexual Incestuous Relations in Genesis 9:18-29
    (2012) Blackmer, Corinne
    The terse story of Noah and Ham has puzzled scholars since antiquity. While most critics have argued that castration, homosexual paternal incest, or voyeurism explain why Noah pronounces the severe curse of permanent servitude on Ham’s son, Canaan, this article shows that the preponderance of evidence makes clear that Ham’s offense is heterosexual maternal incest. Ham has sex with his mother, Noah’s wife, after Noah loses consciousness from wine. Ham brags about what he has done to his brothers, because he has displaced his father, become the patriarch, and, ironically, fulfilled the injunction to “be fruitful and multiply”. Canaan is cursed because he is the product of this illicit union. Noah’s wife, who should have an individual name and identity that comports with her stature as the second mother of creation, is buried under indirect language of “the nakedness of the father” that at once disguises and draws attention to her unspeakable importance in this story.
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    Traditionalism and Rationalism in Jewish Philosophy
    (2012) Dymerets, Rostyslav
    In this paper, an attempt is made to define characteristic features of philosophical traditionalism and rationalism as well as to analyze some characteristic examples of their paradigmatic appearance in certain pieces of Jewish philosophical thought, in particular, Talmud, Philo of Alexandria, and Saadia Gaon. The paper shows that the structure of Jewish philosophical thought is built up not on the basis of a derivation concept or that of predication of meanings to the subjects different from those the meanings were abstracted from, but on that of implementation of double-sided articulation of names: on the side of the Creator, in the revealed Scripture and in the world of things which designate and penetrate human existence. On the side of humans, this appears in their appealing to the Creator in their ritual-articulation actions to which each human expression is in a way related. Via such an expression a human gives back to God that part of what she or he was able to take from Him and, therefore, is able to return, designating each time this very ability of him or her by an adequate personal attitude towards Him to Whom she or he thus appeals. This structure is based not on sensible entities which pure rationalists would lay, as a priori elements, into the basis of a derivation system from which those entities afterwards, by applying methods of abstraction and generalization, can be reduced to the status of ontological entities, but on appealing to the higher source of all the creatures which can reach the source just by precise reconstruction of the structure of God’s creation represented by different symbolic articulations-events which revealing is comprehended in works of Jewish philosophy.
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    Єврейський дискурс західноукраїнської етнополітичної сфери (кінець ХІХ - початок ХХ ст.)
    (2012) Монолатій, Іван
    На західноукраїнських землях у складі Габсбурзької монархії кінця ХІХ – початку ХХ ст. інструментом внутрішньогрупової інтеграції виступали партії, що постали в середовищі титульних етносів і обстоювали інтереси держави, а інші партії, котрі об’єднували етнофорів з етнічних меншин, захищалися від їхнього диктату. З одного боку, в атмосфері чимраз більшої політичної самосвідомості етнофорів етнічні партії прагнули реалізовувати конкретні політичні завдання, а з іншого – їхня діяльність була результатом суспільних реалій західноукраїнської етнополітичної сфери.
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    "Криві дзеркала": дискурси антисемітизму в громадському житті Російської імперії 1903-1914 рр. (на прикладі Правобережної України)
    (2012) Гаухман, Михайло
    Початок ХХ ст. для Російської імперії був періодом масштабного націотворення: поставали й реалізувалися численні модерні проекти, покликані “націоналізувати” представників традиційних етносоціальних груп. Важливою проблемою громадського життя було єврейське питання – питання про місце “єврея” як образу соціальної реальності в дискурсах різноманітних політичних сил. Найбільш значуще місце образ “єврея” посідав у дискурсах сил консервативно-охоронних, що реалізували проект “великої російської нації”. Єврейське питання перетворилося на справжній “єврейський комплекс” для бюрократії та правої громадськості.