Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal
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Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal is an international, interdisciplinary and peer-reviewed online journal published at the Open Journal Systems (OJS) platform. Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal is in answer to current challenges facing Ukrainian studies in the humanities, and an immediate need for their further integration into the international academic community. Maintaining high standards and scholarly ethics, the journal is published annually. Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal covers the broad areas of Literature, History, and Philosophy focusing mainly on Central&Eastern European and Ukrainian studies.
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- Item100 Years of Ukraine’s Cultural Diplomacy: The European Mission of the Ukrainian Republican Capella (1919–1921)(2019) Peresunko, TinaThe article deals with the reputational, cultural, and informational resonance of the Ukrainian Republican Capella’s tours conducted by Oleksandr Koshyts in Western Europe from 1919 to 1921. The Ukrainian Republican Capella was created on the initiative of Symon Petliura, Head of the Directorate, Chief Otaman of the Army and Navy of the Ukrainian National Republic (UNR), to promote international recognition of Ukraine’s independence and the image of Ukrainian culture in the world. It gave 208 concerts in 74 of the most prestigious concert halls of 45 European cities. More than 600 reviews complimentary of Ukraine, Ukrainian state institutions, and Ukrainian culture appeared on the pages of the leading Western European press, and Ukrainian diplomatic missions abroad as well as the Capella’s office received hundreds of letters from leading European artists and politicians with enthusiastic reviews on its musical art and UNR aspirations for independence. The author provides little-known archival documents of the Ukrainian Republican Capella Foundation at the Central State Archives of the Supreme Bodies of the Government of Ukraine (CSASB of Ukraine), covering institutional, legal, financial and diplomatic support of the Capella abroad as part of Symon Petliura’s and the UNR Directory’s policy of cultural diplomacy, and suggests that foreign tours of the Capella should be considered as the first project of cultural diplomacy in the history of modern Ukraine.
- ItemThe 160th Anniversary of the Academic Trudy Kyivskoi dukhovnoi akademii (1860–2020) : History and the Present Collection(2020) Klos, VitaliiThe article is dedicated to the 160th anniversary of the first publication of the Trudy Kyivskoi dukhovnoi akademii (1860-2020) scholarly collection in i860. Information on the history of the formation and functioning of the Kyiv Theological Academy (KTA) academic collection is provided. Attention is centered on the latest research of Kyiv Orthodox Theological Academy academic staff, published in the latest issue of Trudy Kyivskoi dukhovnoi akademii (No. 19,2019).
- ItemThe 1917 Break and Its Aftermath: Ukrainian Academia’s Perception and Representation of the Revolutionary Events (2007–2017)(2020) Shlikhta, NataliaThe author of this review is not a student of the Ukrainian Revolution of 1917-1921 herself. My interest in Soviet history and Western historiography undoubtedly influenced my approach and the interpretation advanced in this article. This is an outsider’s review, the author of which has not aspired nor pretended to provide exhaustive coverage of the publications from the period. I certainly make no authoritative estimations, nor do I draw authoritative conclusions. Rather, I see my part just as Geoff Eley saw his when he participated in the discussion between Sovietologists of different generations on the pages of the Russian Review in 1986-1987. Having focused his own studies on Nazi history, he was able— as an outsider— to see the methodological limitations of the approaches applied by those who studied Soviet history as well as to provide broader perspectives on the challenges they faced and the research problems they raised.2 Therefore, when examining scholarly and public history publications from the decade between the two jubilee anniversaries of the 1917 revolutionary events, I will focus primarily on methodological and conceptual issues, which allows me to frame academic views on these events within a broader context of the study of the (Ukrainian) 20th century.
- ItemA Word of Welcome From the Editor-in-Chief(2020) Morenets, VolodymyrIntroductory article of Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal (2020) No. 7 by the editor in chief.
- ItemA Word of Welcome From the Editor-in-Chief(2021) Tkachuk, MarynaWelcome word from the editor-in-chief Maryna Tkachuk.
- ItemAnti-Colonial Discourse in Lesia Ukrainka’s Dramas(2021) Ageyeva, ViraNational ideas in Lesia Ukrainka's dramas.
- ItemApokryf [Apocryphon] by Lesia Ukrainka. His Beatitude Sviatoslav Shevchuk and Oksana Zabuzhko. Chotyry rozmovy pro Lesiu Ukrainku [Four Сonversations About Lesia Ukrainka](2021) Syroyid, DariyaReviewed by Dariya Syroyid on "Apokryf. Chotyry rozmovy pro Lesiu Ukrainku"
- ItemThe Archival Revolution and Contested Memory: Changing Views of Stalin’s Rule in the Light of New Evidence(2014) Shkandrij, MyroslavThe article discusses the impact on Western scholarship of the opening of secret police archives in Ukraine since the 1990s. The extent of the phenomenon known as the “archival revolution” is surveyed, with special attention to the Stalin period. The archives have answered some old questions concerning the way Stalin exercised power, organized show trials, and forced people to admit to crimes they did not commit. Archival revelations have also stimulated Western researchers to consider new ways of interpreting the Soviet period as a whole.
- ItemArkhiv Rozstrilianoho Vidrodzhennia. Les Kurbas i teatr Berezil: arkhivni dokumenty (1927-1988) [The Archive of the Executed Renaissance. Les Kurbas and the Berezil Theatre: Archive Documents, 1927-1988], ed. Olga Bertelsen(2017) Kovalchuk, MariaIt took nearly 100 years to rediscover our cultural heritage of the beginning of the 20th century. We are now getting acquainted with our past and see it more clearly than in Soviet times. Formally, the phenomenon of cultural regeneration in the 1920s‑1930s, ignited by repressions, was given its name by Yurii Lavrinenko, a Ukrainian émigré literary critic, in his anthology of the literature of the 1920s‑1930s, entitled “The Executed Renaissance” (Rozstriliane vidrodzhennia).
- ItemArt Nouveau Ukrainian Architecture in a Global Context(2019) Romaniuk, NeliaThe article is dedicated to Ukrainian Art Nouveau architecture, which became a unique phenomenon in the development of late nineteenth and early twentieth-century architecture. Along with the reality that architecture in Ukraine evolved as a component of the European artistic movement, a distinctive architectural style was formed, based on the development of the traditions of folk architecture and ornamentation. This style produced much innovation in the shaping, decor, and ornamentation of buildings. Significant contributions to the development of architectural modernism in Ukraine were made by Opanas Slastion, Vasyl Krychevskyi, Yevhen Serdiuk, Oleksandr Verbytskyi, Serhii Tymoshenko, Oleksandr Lushpynskyi, Ivan Levynskyi, Dmytro Diachenko, and others. Ukrainian Art Nouveau architecture was represented by five main architectural styles: modernist, folkloric, rationalist, neo-baroque, and Vienna Secession. Due to an attainment of the possibilities embodied in the constructions, developed techniques, and in the design of interior space and external features — such as walls, roofs, doors and windows, columns and balustrades — this style formed its own expressive system, which included a significant number of socially significant types of buildings (dwellings, schools, hospitals, warehouses, government buildings, places of worship). The styles of Ukrainian architectural modernism have not exhausted their potential and may yet have a continuation in contemporary architecture and that of the future.
- ItemThe Artist's Longing and Belonging Cultural Sensitivity in Yurii Kosach's Narratives(2016) Poliukhovych, OlgaAs an émigré writer living outside of Ukraine, Yurii Kosach constructed an “imaginary homeland” through his treatment of history, culture, and memory in his literary works. This article analyzes these categories in Kosach’s meta-narratives of the artist in exile, by focusing on the texts “Zaproshennia na Tsyteru” (An Invitation to Cythera, 1945), Skorbna symfoniia (The Sorrowful Symphony, undated), and Senior Nikolo (Signore Nikolo, 1954). Kosach’s characters are placed between exile and homeland, nation and empire, and self and other. All these notions are included in a discourse that is inclusive rather than oppositional. Following a strategy used by Lesia Ukrainka, Yurii Kosach also tests the artist’s ability to create in lands beyond one’s homeland and in conditions of cultural oppression. Each story plot of the analyzed narratives is constructed in terms of the cultural and national aspects of the artist’s identity.
- ItemArtistic Temporality in Shevchenko’s Lyrics: the Compositional Aspect(2014) Smilianska, ValeriaArtistic temporality in a work has two functions: the semantic – as a time motif, and compositional – as a means of building a model of the world at all of its levels. The author of the article discusses how this description is evident in the lyrical works of Taras Shevchenko. As an author (including the category of “proper author”), Shevchenko does not convey the real course of events of a historical period or event, but rather experiences time by assigning events in his mind to a certain temporality – consisting of the past, present, and future, with their interplay, movement, and juxtapositions, imbuing this temporal scheme into his works on a thematic level, which differs according to genre – the works of Shevchenko clearly show a noticeable connection between temporal composition and the genre variety of the poetry, with various resultant combinations. Thus, artistic temporality in Shevchenko’s lyrical works is a significant factor of the “complex structure of meaning” (Lotman).
- Item"As a Father among Little Children": the Emerging Cult of Taras Shevchenko as a Factor of the Ukrainian Nation-building in Austrian Eastern Galicia in the 1860s(2014) Sereda, OstapThis article explores the dynamic and main institutional forms of the emergence of the cult of Taras Shevchenko in Austrian Eastern Galicia, and its influence on the shaping of Ukrainian national identity in the province. If prior to the 1860s, Shevchenko’s works were circulated in limited number of printed editions and manuscript copies among the narrow circle of Galician Ruthenian activists, the decade after 1861 was marked by the growth of public attention to Shevchenko’s poetry and personality. The wide exposure to his texts (through both reading and listening) formed the public of Ukrainian national activists. Since the late 1860s, Shevchenko’s cult began to be institutionalized through the regular commemorative practices and school education.
- ItemAuthor and Authorship in Dymytriy Tuptalo’s Lives of the Saints(2015) Syroyid, DariyaThe Lives of the Saints compendium by Dymytriy Tuptalo belongs to a special type of rewritten literature representing a collection of already existing and retold texts. The paper discusses how numerous authors, often distanced in time, can coexist within one text. It focuses on the combination of various (medieval and early modern) approaches in the gathering of a hagiographical collection, as well on Tuptalo’s individual traits as a hagiographer-compiler, his original source processing, and his collaboration with predecessors. The paper attempts to reveal the characteristic features of the compendium that provide a better understanding of the concept of the author and authorship in the process of metaphraseis.
- ItemAvant-Garde Art in Ukraine, 1910–1930: Contested Memory by Myroslav Shkandrij(2020) Martynyuk, OlenaReview on Myroslav Shkandrij Avant-Garde Art in Ukraine, 1910–1930: Contested Memory Boston: Academic Studies Press, 2019. 202 pp.
- ItemBaroque Opera on the Contemporary Ukrainian Theatre Stage : Ideas and Solutions(2020) Shumilina, Olha; Varakuta, MarynaThe Baroque epoch left a rich and voluminous opera heritage. Opera as a music genre emerged at the turn of the 16th-17th centuries in the Italian city of Florence and in the 17th century developed and spread throughout Italy, ft later appeared in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. The trend towards Italian opera and the colossal popularity of this art form required the development of infrastructures to support performances. The capitals of princedoms and large cities were marked by the construction of opera theatres and the invitation of Italian composers, soloists, instrumentalists, choirs, and ballet performers to these cities. Also, the implementation of special machinery, décor, stage costumes, and make up contributed to opera’s popularity. Opera performance was a spectacular event, preparation for which required significant funding by royalty and aristocrats, and performances demanded a high level of preparation.
- ItemBetween Physicality and Symbolism: Kyiv as a Contested Territory in Russian and Ukrainian Émigré Letters, 1920-1939(2018) Soroka, MykolaThe paper deals with visions of Kyiv in the writings of Russian and Ukrainian émigré writers during the interwar period. The city became a focal point of intensive intellectual debate whose participants regarded Kyiv not only as a place of a recent battleground but also as a sacral place and a highly symbolic image. Within the methodological framework of ethnic symbolism, this study attempts to explain how this physical/symbolic dichotomy was used to reinforce continuing claims for historical origin and cultural heritage, thus serving the contemporary purpose of national identity and political legitimacy. It also deploys the concept of displacement as a complex process of negotiation between homeland and hostland within an émigré community - whose sense of loss and identity crisis creates additional impetus, though in different forms, for exploiting historical narratives.