Досвід працевлаштування людей з інвалідністю в Україні (на прикладі ветеранів Антитерористичної операції)

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Дарієвська, Сніжана
Марценюк, Тамара
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У статті опрацьовано теоретичні підходи до вивчення явища інвалідності, беручи до уваги поняття маскулінності; виокремлено дві стратегії взаємодії між маскулінністю та інвалідністю: "боротьба" з інвалідністю та прийняття інвалідності. Емпіричну частину дослідження проведено за допомогою напівструктурованих глибинних інтерв’ю. З’ясовано ставлення ветеранів Антитерористичної операції (АТО) до власної інвалідності, виявлено і типізовано бар’єри працевлаштування та шляхи пошуку роботи серед ветеранів АТО з інвалідністю.
The article elaborates theoretical approaches to the study of the phenomenon of disability, taking into account the concept of masculinity. Two strategies of interaction between masculinity and disability are distinguished: "the fight" against disability and the acceptance of disability. It is difficult for men with disabilities to implement such norms of masculinity in society as strength and the ideal body, because of physical and certain social barriers that impede access to education, work, and power. Employment of people with disabilities in Ukraine is problematic. In particular, employers are not ready to recruit people with disabilities to work because they are not perceived as potential employees. This happens due to the fact that in society there is a stereotypical view that a person with a disability cannot perform the job properly. It should also be noted that employment problems are preceded by problems with the access to education, and the lack of education in turn reduces the chances of employment. The study of the employment experience of male veterans of the Anti-Terrorist Operation (ATO) with disabilities in Ukraine is based on the constructivist paradigm. Disability in this study is seen as socially constructed. The experience of employing people with disabilities has been explored to understand, first and foremost, disability in society. The empirical part of the study was conducted through semi-structured in-depth interviews. The attitudes of veterans to their own disability were clarified, and the barriers to employment and ways of finding employment among veterans with disabilities were identified and typified. Institutional barriers to employment include: health expert commission, public employment service and employers. Individual barriers to employment include: excessive family care, lack of motivation, and psychological rehabilitation. In addition, two ways in which veterans found employment were identified: personal contacts and civic organizations involved in veterans’ affairs. Disabled veterans have the motivation to do useful things for the community that has emerged just after returning from the ATO area. This motivation is to engage in various initiatives and projects that support veterans, promote community development, and carry the "public good".
інвалідність, маскулінність, ветерани, Антитерористична операція (АТО), працевлаштування, стаття, disability, masculinity, Anti-Terrorist Operation (ATO), veterans, employment
Дарієвська С. І. Досвід працевлаштування людей з інвалідністю в Україні (на прикладі ветеранів Антитерористичної операції) / Дарієвська С. І., Марценюк Т. О. // Наукові записки НаУКМА. Соціологія. - 2020. - Т. 3. - С. 37-48.