Фінальний палеоліт та мезоліт Київського Полісся

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Залізняк, Леонід
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Стаття присвячена природно-кліматичним та культурно-історичним процесам, що мали місце в Київському Поліссі наприкінці льодовикової доби та на початку післяльодовиків’я 13-7 тис. років тому.
Polissyan lowland is a part of the natural landscape zones of Great European lowlands stretching from the Thames through the Oder and Vistula basins to the Pripyat and Desna rivers. It was decisive factor for ethno - cultural processes of North Western Ukraine, including Kyivan Polissya, starting from the late glacial period. For the last 12 millenia the Prypyat Polissya (including the north of Kyiv region) have been developed under the strong influence of migration flows from the west of the Baltic region and Central Europe. Archaeologists have studied not less than 15 migration flows, that went for the last 12 millenia from west to Polissya, Volhynia and Subcarpathia. Nearly all archaeological cultures of the Prypyat basin, starting from the Final Paleolithic till the Middle Ages included, were of the western origin or connected genetically with the western neighbors. On that basis the current north western or Baltic cultural - historical province of Ukraine (Polissya, Volhynia and Subcarpathia) during primitive and early historical periods in whole was being developed under strong western influence. There were two waves of the reindeer hunters, the carriers of Hamburg and Lyngby cultures, which came from the Western Baltic to Polissya in the late glacial era. According to the Lyngby tradition, 11 millenia ago Krasnosillya and Swider cultures of the reindeer hunters in the Upper Vistula and Pripyat were formed. The fast warming 10 millenia ago made the Swider people migrate to the north of East Europe, following reindeer. That territory they occupied during the 8th millennium BC. The descendants of Polissyan migrants took part later in Finno Ugric peoples’ forming in Eastern European taiga zone. Forest hunters of Kudlaivka (8th—7th mill. BC) and later Yanislavitsa (6th-5th mill. BC) cultures replaiced Swider reindeer hunters in the Early Mesolithic. Kyivan Polissya neolithization began in the 2nd half of the 6th millennium BC with the coming of the Bug-Dniester Neolithic culture carriers from the Southern Bug basin with their Kukrek-type flint and Samchensky-type ceramics. Such objects are Lazarivka-type sites of Kyivan region. The Dnipro-Donets Neolithic culture with its comb ornament ceramic resulted from the newcamers’ with Yanislavitsa locals’ cultural tradition synthesis in the early 5th mill. BC in Kyivan Dnieper region.
льодовик, фінальний палеоліт, мезоліт, культури Свідер, Красносілля, Кудлаївка, Яніславиці, Final Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Krasnosillya, Kudlaivka, Yanislavitsa cultures, стаття
Залізняк Леонід Львович. Фінальний палеоліт та мезоліт Київського Полісся / Залізняк Л. Л. // Археологія і давня історія України. - 2016. - Вип. 3 (20). - С. 9-23.