Accurate classification for Automatic Vehicle Type Recognition based on ensemble classifiers
In this work, a real world problem of the vehicle type classification for Automatic Toll Collection (ATC) is considered. This problem is very challenging because any loss of accuracy even of the order of 1% quickly turns into a significant economic loss. To deal with such problem, many companies currently use Optical Sensors (OS) and human observers to correct the classification errors. Herein, a novel vehicle classification method is proposed. It consists in regularizing the problem using one camera to obtain vehicle class probabilities using a set of Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), then, uses the Gradient Boosting based classifier to fuse the continuous class probabilities with the discrete class labels obtained from OS. The method is evaluated on a real world dataset collected from the toll collection points of the VINCI Autoroutes French network. Results show that it performs significantly better than the existing ATC system and, hence will vastly reduce the workload of human operators.
Vehicle Classification, Convolutional Neural Network, Gradient Boosting, article
Accurate classification for Automatic Vehicle Type Recognition based on ensemble classifiers [electronic resource] / Nadiya Shvai, Abul Hasnat, Antoine Meicler, Amir Nakib // IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. - 2019. - P. 1-10.