The Demise of Ukraine's "Eurasian Vector" and the Rise of Pro-NATO Sentiment

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Haran, Oleksii
Zolkina, Mariia
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Before 2014, the majority of Ukrainians did not view the goal of European integration as a "national idea". Even so, most Ukrainians had positive views about developing relations with and integrating into the EU. And even though former Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych refused to accept the idea of joining NATO, he officially maintained EU integration as a priority. In fact, the Yanukovych administration helped finalize and initialed the text of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement. Yanukovych’s sudden refusal to actually sign it, under Russian pressure, was the spark that set off the mass protests in late 2013 that would become the Euromaidan revolution. The success of the Euromaidan and the ensuing long-awaited signing of the Association Agreement signaled a shift among Ukrainians at both the national and regional level in favor of the EU. In addition, after Russia’s annexation of Crimea, Ukrainians came to favor joining NATO for the first time since independence. Simultaneously, support plummeted for Ukraine’s "Eurasia vector", i.e., joining Russia-led institutions like the Customs Union/Eurasian Economic Union (EEU).
geopolitical orientation, the Euromaidan, Eurasian vector, NATO, Ukraine, Customs Union, polls, article
Haran O. The Demise of Ukraine's "Eurasian Vector" and the Rise of Pro-NATO Sentiment / Olexiy Haran, Mariia Zolkina // Ukraine in the Poroshenko Era: the Politics of Power, Reform, and War / PONARS Eurasia Policy Perspectives, September 2017. - 2017. - P. 3-9.