Культурна біографія артефакту: скіфський казан

dc.contributor.authorБєлопольська, О.
dc.descriptionOver a century and a half, Scythian bronze cauldrons have been a subject of interest from the technological, spatial and typological perspective. The author of the article addresses the relations between the society and an artifact, namely a Scythian bronze cauldron, regarding it as an active participant of the communication process between society and its material culture. This cross-disciplinary developing approach – cultural biography of an artifact – is widely used in sociology, anthropology, ethnology, and archaeology (A. MacKenzie, R. Appadurai, J. Hoskins, L. Meskell, D. Fontijn). A Scythian cauldron as an artifact is supposed to have a life cycle; its life and deposition are presupposed by social and cultural conditions (necessity in an object, possessing raw materials and skill to work with it; common and ritual usage and repair; smelting and deposition). Cultural biography of the concept of the artifact deals with the whole class of objects and reveals its general life cycle aspects. The origin of Scythian bronze cauldrons in the Black Sea steppes is likely connected with technological or morphological borrowings. Thus, bronze melting production was widely presented by Chinese ritual ding vessels and bronze cauldrons of the Western Mediterranean. The morphological analogues encompass Late Bronze Age riveted cauldrons (Dykyi Sad, Lapas, Yahorlyk), Greek craters of Geometric period, a cauldron from Gordion tomb in Turkey, ding vessels. All the prototypes had some common and diverse features (material, minor details in form, decoration, and territory), while the functionality – boiling meat or ritual feasting – remained the same. The tradition of production and usage of Scythian bronze cauldrons as a concept ended due to social and cultural circumstances. Thus, the cultural biography of an artifact and its concept suggests new perspectives of revealing the aspects of their origin, usage, and deposition that can hardly be traced only by archaeology.en
dc.description.abstractУ статті розглянуто поняття культурної біографії на прикладі скіфського казана та його концепту, окреслено основні події життєвого циклу артефакту, проаналізовано передумови появи казана скіфської культури в Північному Причорномор’ї.uk
dc.identifier.citationБєлопольська О. А. Культурна біографія артефакту: скіфський казан/ Бєлопольська О. А. // Магістеріум. - 2017. - Вип. 67 : Археологічні студії. - С. 65-70.uk
dc.relation.sourceМагістеріум: Археологічні студіїuk
dc.statuspublished earlieruk
dc.subjectзначення артефактуuk
dc.subjectскіфський казанuk
dc.subjectкультурна біографіяuk
dc.subjectmeaning of an artifacten
dc.subjectScythian cauldronen
dc.subjectcultural biographyen
dc.titleКультурна біографія артефакту: скіфський казанuk
dc.title.alternativeCultural biography of an artifact: scythian cauldronen
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