Conformational flexibility of spermidine3+ interacting with DNA double helix

Thumbnail Image
Perepelytsya, Sergiy
Vasiliu, Tudor
Laaksonen, Aatto
Engelbrecht, Leon De Villiers
Brancato, Giuseppe
Mocci, Francesca
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Natural polyamines play a key role in many biological processes, particularly in the stabilization of DNA double helix structure in the cell nucleus. Among others, the conformational flexibility of polyamines, such as spermidine, is an essential property for the formation of complexes with DNA. Yet, the characterization of the conformational space of polyamines has not been fully elucidated. Using atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we present a detailed study of the conformational space of spermidine3+ both in solution and in interaction with DNA. We have identified more than 2000 distinct conformations, which can be grouped into seven modes. Notably, the relative population of these modes is highly affected by the interaction of spermidine3+ with DNA, thus representing a fingerprint of complex formation. In particular, three of the seven dihedral angles of spermidine3+ are predominantly in trans conformation (with or without DNA), while the other four dihedral angles are observed to switch between trans, gauche+ and gauche-. The preference between the latter conformational states was analyzed in terms of the distinct energy contributions composing the potential energy. Overall, our results shed light on the conformational equilibrium and dynamics of spermidine3+, which in turn is important for understanding the nature of its interaction with DNA.
polyamine, spermidine3+, DNA double helix, molecular dynamics, conformation, dihedral angle, article
Conformational flexibility of spermidine3+ interacting with DNA double helix / Sergiy Perepelytsya, Tudor Vasiliu, Aatto Laaksonen, Leon De Villiers Engelbrecht, Giuseppe Brancato, Francesca Mocci // Journal of Molecular Liquids. - 2023. - Vol. 389. - Article number 122828. -