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Dilemmas and trade-offs in peacemaking: A framework for navigating difficult decisions

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dc.contributor.author Kraus, Anne Isabel
dc.contributor.author Frazer, Owen
dc.contributor.author Kirchhoff, Lars
dc.contributor.author Kyselova, Tatiana
dc.contributor.author Mason, Simon J. A.
dc.contributor.author Palmiano Federer, Julia
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-16T09:22:45Z
dc.date.available 2019-12-16T09:22:45Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Dilemmas and trade-offs in peacemaking: A framework for navigating difficult decisions / Kraus A. I., Frazer O., Kirchhoff L., Kyselova T., Mason S. J. A., Palmiano Federer J. // Politics and Governance. - 2019. - Vol. 7, Issue 4. - P. 331-342. uk_UA
dc.identifier.uri http://ekmair.ukma.edu.ua/handle/123456789/16805
dc.description.abstract This article focuses on the dilemmas and trade-offs that third parties face when mediating violent political conflicts. Should they ignore human rights violations because pushing the issue could jeopardize relationships with political actors who grant access for humanitarian aid? Will bringing moderates and hardliners together help the peace process or radicalize moderate actors? What should dialogue facilitators do when the act of identifying non-mainstream groups to be included into dialogue increases division and polarization? The activity of peacemaking is inherently characterized by such process and strategy dilemmas where two equally compulsory imperatives seem not to be attainable at the same time. The article proposes a framework to break out of either-or thinking in these situations. We argue that: 1) making oneself aware of how a decision is perceived, and 2) systematically exploring a set of different strategies for creating new unexpected options helps to ease these decisions and avoid rotten compromises. The model reworks and combines existing problem­ solving strategies to create a new explorative option generation approach to peacemaking dilemmas and trade-offs. Some of these strategies, such as sequencing and incrementalization, are already well-established in peacemaking. Others, such as compartmentalization and utilization, are rather unconsciously used. All identified strategies, however, are not yet systematically employed to manage third parties' own dilemmas and trade-offs. Under the suggested framework, these strategies can act in complement to synthesize creativity and strategic thinking with surprising ease. Using examples from the authors' peacemaking activities and observations in Myanmar, Thailand, and Ukraine, the article demonstrates the real-world benefits of the framework in terms of decision assessment and optional thinking. en_US
dc.language.iso en uk_UA
dc.subject decision-making en_US
dc.subject human rights en_US
dc.subject mediation en_US
dc.subject peacemaking en_US
dc.subject peace process en_US
dc.subject article en_US
dc.title Dilemmas and trade-offs in peacemaking: A framework for navigating difficult decisions en_US
dc.type Article uk_UA
dc.status published earlier en_US
dc.relation.source Politics and Governance uk_UA


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