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The EU Member States and the Crisis in Ukraine: Towards an Eclectic Explanation

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dc.contributor.author Härtel, André
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-25T18:34:24Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-25T18:34:24Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Härtel A. The EU Member States and the Crisis in Ukraine: Towards an Eclectic Explanation / André Härtel // Romanian Journal of European Affairs. - 2019. - Vol. 19, Issue 2. - P. 87-106. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://ekmair.ukma.edu.ua/handle/123456789/19324
dc.description.abstract The decision of the European Union (EU) to adopt and extend far-reaching sanctions against the Russian Federation came as surprise to many critics of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). Especially in light of the history of EU-Russian relations and the deep divisions between member states when it comes to Russia-policy the Ukraine Crisis has become a turning point. This article tries to trace the roots of the EU's response to the crisis by looking at the level of the member states. In analysing three "most unlikely" cases (Germany, Italy, Austria) one-dimensional IR explanations are rejected. One needs to look for an eclectic approach instead. I argue here that Germany's surprising leadership role during the crisis can be understood by personal, learning-based and normative factors. Italy and Austria did not change national Russia-policy and their "critical consent" to EU-sanctions is based on a yet firm but increasingly more fragile commitment to the European project and order. Based on the findings the article concludes with a sceptical note on both the sustainability of the EU's current Russia-policy and European foreign policy development as such. en_US
dc.language.iso en uk_UA
dc.subject EU en_US
dc.subject Germany en_US
dc.subject Italy en_US
dc.subject Austria en_US
dc.subject EU-Russia relations en_US
dc.subject foreign policy en_US
dc.subject sanctions en_US
dc.subject intergovernmentalism en_US
dc.subject Ukraine en_US
dc.subject article en_US
dc.title The EU Member States and the Crisis in Ukraine: Towards an Eclectic Explanation en_US
dc.type Article uk_UA
dc.status first published uk_UA
dc.relation.source Romanian Journal of European Affairs. en_US


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