eKMAIR

Принцип правової визначеності як складова верховенства права: автореферат дисертації на здобуття наукового ступеня кандидата юридичних наук

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Цельєв, Олексій
dc.contributor.author Матвєєва, Юлія
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-28T12:30:45Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-28T12:30:45Z
dc.date.issued 2019-10-28
dc.identifier.citation Матвєєва Ю. І. Принцип правової визначеності як складова верховенства права : автореферат дисертації на здобуття наукового ступеня кандидата юридичних наук / Матвєєва Юлія Іванівна, ; наук. кер. Цельєв О. В. ; Міністерство освіти і науки України, Національний університет "Києво-Могилянська академія". - Київ : [б. в.], 2019. - 21 с. uk_UA
dc.identifier.uri http://ekmair.ukma.edu.ua/handle/123456789/16422
dc.description.abstract Автореферат дисертації на здобуття наукового ступеня кандидата юридичних наук (доктора філософії) за спеціальністю 12.00.01 "Теорія та історія держави і права; історія політичних і правових учень". – Національний університет "Києво-Могилянська академія". – Київ, 2019. У дисертаційному дослідженні проаналізовано сутність, становлення та еволюцію, сучасне розуміння принципу правової визначеності як однієї з найважливіших складових верховенства права, його співвідношення з іншими спорідненими поняттями; основні вимоги принципу правової визначеності для нормотворчої та нормозастосовчої, зокрема, судової практики. На основі проведеного дослідження запропоновано комплексний науково-методологічний підхід до розуміння принципу правової визначеності як багатогранного й багатовимірного поняття, яке складається з елементів-підпринципів, і класифікацію вимог для нормотворчої та нормозастосовчої діяльності. uk_UA
dc.description.abstract Ph. D. thesis abstract in Law for the degree in 12.00.01 “Theory and History of State and Law; History of Political and Legal Thought”. – National University of “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”. – Kyiv, 2019. Summary of the main content of the thesis. Thesis analyzes essence, formation, evolution, and modern understanding of the principle of legal certainty as one of the most important components of the rule of law, its relation to other similar concepts; basic requirements of the principle of legal certainty for rule-making and law enforcement, and particularly for litigation practice. The research was a basis for the proposal of a combined scientific and methodological approach to understanding the principle of legal certainty as a comprehensive concept including many aspects, which consists of constituent subprinciples and classification of requirements for rule-making and law enforcement. Section I, “General Theoretical and Historical and Legal Aspects of Understanding the Principle of Legal Certainty as a Component of Rule of Law”, analyzes the essence and relation to other similar principles such as: legal security, predictability, irreversibility of legal acts, protection of trust, etc. within the research question. The study concludes that the principle of legal certainty constitutes a concept with many aspects making it impossible to propose its universal definition. The essence of this phenomenon should be revealed through a number of constituent elements. Section II, “Requirements of the Principle of Legal Certainty for Rule-Making and Law Enforcement Activities”, outlines formal (legal and technical), procedural and substantive requirements for rule-making and law enforcement. A considerable number of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights has been analyzed. The research resulted in a classification of individual requirements for rule-making and law enforcement activities, as well as common requirements for these activities. Section III, “Finality and Execution of Judgments as a Sign of the Principle of Legal Certainty”, demonstrates the sense of res judicata principle based on case law materials. Conditions under which national remedies are considered to be exhausted are outlined. Problems of execution of judgments in Ukraine and the maintenance of the unity of judicial practice are characterized. Based on the analysis of the ECHR pilot decisions on Ukraine, it is concluded that non-execution of judgments in Ukraine keeps being systemic. This, in its turn, significantly affects legal certainty. Scientific novelty of the obtained results impacts theoretical and practical input of the thesis. It formulates a number of theoretical propositions and conclusions new to the national legal science and practice, namely: - defined theoretical origins of formation and traced evolution of understanding of legal certainty principle from ancient times to the present; revealed significant differences in cognition and interpretation of legal certainty in different historical epochs, as well as tendencies in the development of the studied concept depending on the evolutionary progress; - conducted a comparative legal analysis of the understanding of the principle of legal certainty in legal systems of continental and common law, drawing thus a conclusion on common and distinctive features and their influence on rule-making and law enforcement activities. The unquestionable recognition of the principle of legal certainty and the desire to overcome legal uncertainty share common features between each other. Different degrees of legal uncertainty and ways of overcoming them in relation to the historical and legal role of rule-making and judicial bodies constitute distinctive features of these systems. - proposed a comprehensive scientific and methodological approach to understanding the principle of legal certainty as a multifaceted and multidimensional concept, which does not allow it to formulate its universal definition. It makes sense to reveal the essence of this complex phenomenon through a set of requirements or subprinciples, which jointly and fully formulate a complete picture of the phenomenon under study; - developed the classification of requirements of the principle of legal certainty for: rulemaking, law enforcement, and common requirements for rule-making and law enforcement. In particular, the requirements for rule-making activity can be separated into the following groups: 1) legal and technical; 2) contextual - these are the requirements of the legal rule quality; 3) procedural - these are the requirements of ensuring the expression of legal rules The requirements for law enforcement activities are as follows: - steadfast fulfillment of legal rules and other regulatory legal acts, individual acts; - consistency of regulatory legal acts; - validity of law enforcement acts, in particular, court decisions; - consistent adherence of the legal positions formulated by supreme courts; - steady execution of court decisions. Common requirements for rule-making and law enforcement are as follows; - inadmissibility of changes for the worse; - protection of legitimate expectations of a person; - prohibition of the retroactive effect of acts in time, except where such an act improves the legal status of a person; - nullum crimen sine lege, nullum poena sine lege; - res judicata - finality of court decisions. Practical importance of the results obtained. The provisions and rationale set out in this research paper contribute to the deepening and enrichment of domestic legal science and legal practice, in particular: - in rule-making activities ; - in law enforcement, in particular, case law; - in research activities - for a deep study and analysis of the components of the rule of law and their substantive content; - in the educational process. A question pool has been developed for the needs of employees of state authorities and local self-government to check the compliance with the principle of legal certainty in the “Checklist of the Rule of Law Criteria: Application in Rule-Making and Law Enforcement Activities”, which is being implemented by a scientific project of the Research Center for the Rule of Law at the National University of “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”. en_US
dc.language.iso uk uk_UA
dc.subject верховенство права uk_UA
dc.subject принцип правової визначеності uk_UA
dc.subject комплексне поняття uk_UA
dc.subject статична та динамічна концепції правової визначеності uk_UA
dc.subject захист легітимних очікувань uk_UA
dc.subject виконуваність нормативно-правових актів uk_UA
dc.subject res judicata en_US
dc.subject виконання судових рішень uk_UA
dc.subject забезпечення єдності судової практики uk_UA
dc.subject автореферат дисертації uk_UA
dc.subject rule of law en_US
dc.subject principle of legal certainty en_US
dc.subject complex concept en_US
dc.subject static and dynamic concepts of legal certainty en_US
dc.subject protection of legitimate expectations en_US
dc.subject enforceability of regulatory legal acts en_US
dc.subject execution of court decisions en_US
dc.subject ensuring the unity of court practice en_US
dc.title Принцип правової визначеності як складова верховенства права: автореферат дисертації на здобуття наукового ступеня кандидата юридичних наук uk_UA
dc.title.alternative The principle of legal certainty as a component of the rule of law: [thesis abstract] en_US
dc.type Thesis abstract uk_UA
dc.status first published uk_UA


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account

Statistics