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Майєвтика: до проблеми методів навчання в західній культурі (філософсько-етичний аспект)

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dc.contributor.author Рогожа, Марія
dc.date.accessioned 2018-07-03T11:17:09Z
dc.date.available 2018-07-03T11:17:09Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Рогожа М. М. Майєвтика: до проблеми методів навчання в західній культурі (філософсько-етичний аспект) / Марія Рогожа // Університетська кафедра. - 2017. - № 6. - С. 7-14. uk_UA
dc.identifier.issn 2227-1503
dc.identifier.uri http://ekmair.ukma.edu.ua/handle/123456789/13493
dc.description.abstract У статті з’ясовано етичний потенціал майєвтики як версії діалектичного методу, представленого Сократом в якості мистецтва ведення філософської бесіди таким чином, щоб у зіткненні різних точок зору виявити істину. uk_UA
dc.description.abstract The paper deals with the clarifying of ethical potential of maieutics as an educational method in the Western culture. The work with primary sources of Xenophon and Plato is mediated by their reception by the history of prominent researchers of the ancient philosophy, such as A. F. Losev, V. F. Asmus, F. Kh. Kessidyi and others. Elaborated by Socrates, the method of maieutics is exposed in prospects of its content and form (methodology). Maieutics makes possible the comprehension of the key issues for virtue life while discussing matters from real moral practice (virtue, goodness, justice, bravery, courage). The author mentions that Xenophon and Plato as disciples of Socrates give us the relevant primary sources about Socrates’ life, activity and method, although they represent them in different ways. Xenophon outlines the image of Socrates as a good-natured eccentric man, while striving for Socrates’ posthumous rehabilitation among Athenians. Instead of this, Plato represents Socrates as a rebel, who confused young people: he put a question, demonstrated its complexity, and after that he ended up in trouble. Thereafter Socrates’ interlocutor himself collapsed into embarrassment, without a ready recipe of a "right answer" from Socrates, who saw his mission to help an interlocutor to comprehend oneself, to recollect one’s own hidden knowledge and to fix it. The author argues that maieutics is a version of a dialectical method that was represented by Socrates as a technique for twisting a discussion for comprehension of the truth in a clash of different opinions. Common features (humanistic themes, teaching personal and public virtues) and differences (eristic and rhetoric instead of maieutics / dialectics, "ascholia" instead of "schola") of sophists’ and Socrates’ activities are outlined in the paper. The author concludes, that it was Antiquity when and where maieutics had acquired features of invariance, and entered the "great time" of culture as inevitable part of educational process. en_US
dc.language.iso uk uk_UA
dc.subject Сократ uk_UA
dc.subject Ксенофонт uk_UA
dc.subject Платон uk_UA
dc.subject майєвтика uk_UA
dc.subject повивальне мистецтво uk_UA
dc.subject діалектика uk_UA
dc.subject чеснота uk_UA
dc.subject діалог uk_UA
dc.subject школа uk_UA
dc.subject стаття uk_UA
dc.subject Socrates en_US
dc.subject Xenophon en_US
dc.subject Plato en_US
dc.subject maieutics en_US
dc.subject midwife art en_US
dc.subject dialectics en_US
dc.subject virtue en_US
dc.subject dialogue en_US
dc.subject school en_US
dc.title Майєвтика: до проблеми методів навчання в західній культурі (філософсько-етичний аспект) uk_UA
dc.title.alternative Maieutics: on the problem of educational methods in Western culture (philosophical and ethical dimension) en_US
dc.type Article uk_UA
dc.status first published uk_UA
dc.relation.source Університетська кафедра. - 2017. - № 6 uk_UA


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