Працезатрати на зведення лісостепових городищ скіфського часу

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dc.contributor.author Крютченко, О.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-07-23T16:30:27Z
dc.date.available 2017-07-23T16:30:27Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Крютченко О. О. Працезатрати на зведення лісостепових городищ скіфського часу / Крютченко О. О. // Магістеріум. - 2017. - Вип. 67 : Археологічні студії. - С. 60-65. uk
dc.identifier.uri http://ekmair.ukma.edu.ua/handle/123456789/11837
dc.description This article analyzes the amount of work needed for mounting fortification constructions on the hillforts of the Scythian forest-steppe. The volumes of different constructions (dwelling, farming, or funeral structures) were compared. Due to calculations, there is a probability of quite a high velocity of fortifications. But it should be noticed that the scope of fortification work was much greater than that of building houses or tombs. During the Scythian times, building fortification constructions took a long time. During building the workers were freed from agricultural and craft employments. Fortifications resulted from collective actions and were a significant marker of the progress of ancient societies. Building the fortifications requires a certain social and technical development level. Coordination of this construction was connected with a high level of social organization. A technically low-developed society cannot build such long defensive constructions. Mounting fortifications collectively was an important part of the Scythian’s everyday life in the forest-steppe area. The archaeologists discovered defence buildings around the hillforts. B. Shramko, A. Moruzhenko, V. Hrytsyk, I. Yefremov, and other archaeologists aimed to explore how the defence buildings were constructed. A. Moruzhenko was the first to try to calculate how big were labour expenses at the Belsk hillfort (the author of the field research at Belsk was B. Shramko). This article applies the formula for calculation of labour expenses. We use traditional standards for calculation of labour expenses for contemporary workers. In addition, historians and archaeologists calculate labour expenses for other historical periods (Cf. P. Rappoport’s studies). So, this paper presents a unique attempt to understand how easy or hard the labour was and what the social structure of the Scythian society was in the Ukrainian forest-steppe area. In addition, one of the main questions in this article is how rapid building was in the Scythian times. We know that the military situation was stressful. An enemy could assault any time. The question of speed was the question of survival. en
dc.description.abstract У статті здійснено спробу аналізу працезатрат на зведення захисних споруд лісостепових горо- дищ скіфського часу та порівняння їх із даними щодо житлових, господарчих та поховальних спо- руд. За результатами розрахунків встановлено можливість проведення таких будівельних робіт у короткий термін, хоча вони й були більш трудомісткими, ніж під час зведення господарчих споруд, жител чи поховальних конструкцій. uk
dc.language.iso uk uk
dc.subject захисні споруди uk
dc.subject фортифікація городища uk
dc.subject скіфський час uk
dc.subject лісостеп uk
dc.subject the settlement en
dc.subject the hillfort en
dc.subject fortification en
dc.subject the Scythian culture en
dc.subject forest-steppe en
dc.title Працезатрати на зведення лісостепових городищ скіфського часу uk
dc.title.alternative Amount of work needed for fortification construction on the hillforts in the scythian forest-steppe area en
dc.type Article uk
dc.status published earlier uk
dc.relation.source Магістеріум: Археологічні студії uk

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